Sudan is the largest country in Africa and tenth largest country in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The capital is Khartoum. And now here's the map.
For divers, Sudan is very much a liveaboard destination. Liveaboards operate out of Port Sudan and some boats are allowed to travel down from Egypt. The diving is some of the best in the Red sea. There are wrecks, such as the Umbria just outside of Port Sudan, The Blue Bell at Sha'ab Suedi.
[Thanks to Oliver Payne for the photograph]
- The Umbria wreck - one of the most famous sunken ships in the world, still has a cargo of 360.000 bombs that makes the exploring of the wreck still more exciting. Lying in the shelter of Wingate Reef, just outside Port Sudan, and largely unaffected by currents and tides, it is within easy reach of Port Sudan harbour. Shallow enough for snorkelers and with plenty of light and good visibility, entering most of the ship is easy. The hull itself is completely intact, heavily encrusted with marine life and has access internally and externally along its entire length.
- The shark-populated southern plateau at the Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park
- Abingdon and Angarosh reefs with the schooling Hammerheads
- At Mesharifa, which is in the Dungonab Bay Mukkawar Island protected area, there are a multitude of manta rays.
- The Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park
- Visas are required.
- Passports should not have Israeli visas or immigration stamps affixed to it.
- Yellow Fever, Memingitis and Cholera
- Malaria is a risk - check for up-to-date information before travelling.
- BE AWARE: Lariam (mefloquine) is an anti-malarial drug used in regions of the world where chloroquine resistant falciparum malaria is prevalent. e.g. East Africa, South East Asia. Possible side effects of lariam such as dizziness, blurred vision and a disturbed sense of balance are common and could cause problems for divers. These effects can often imitate or even worsen the symptoms of DCI. There could also be confusion between the side effects of lariam and the symptoms of DCI or nitrogen narcosis resulting in a misleading diagnosis.
|Climate:||Arid (North) Tropical (South)|
|Natural hazards:||Earthquakes, tsunamis|
|Diving season:||12 months|
|Water temperature:||26C/79F (Winter)|
|Air temperature:||20C/70F (Winter)|