Lake Tanganyika is estimated to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume, and the second deepest. The lake is divided between four countries – Burundi, the Congo, Tanzania and Zambia. Zambia's Lake Tanganyika shoreline is only just being discovered. The coastline is a mixture of sandy beaches, rocky coves, cliffs and marshes. The water is clear and full of vibrantly coloured fish; over 350 species, of which most are endemic.
The lake is extremely old and the combination of its age and ecological isolation has led to the evolution of unique fish populations. It has the highest proportion of endemicity, concentrated mainly in the Zambian waters of the lake.
- Zambian visa policy is best summarized as confusing so check out the current requirements before you go.
- Zambia is a highly malarial country. Especially at dusk, you should make every effort to cover exposed skin with clothing or insect repellent. In addition, using malarial prophylaxis in highly recommended. Check for up-to-date information before travelling.
- BE AWARE: Lariam (mefloquine) is an anti-malarial drug used in regions of the world where chloroquine resistant falciparum malaria is prevalent. e.g. East Africa, South East Asia. Possible side effects of lariam such as dizziness, blurred vision and a disturbed sense of balance are common and could cause problems for divers. These effects can often imitate or even worsen the symptoms of DCI. There could also be confusion between the side effects of lariam and the symptoms of DCI or nitrogen narcosis resulting in a misleading diagnosis.
- In practice, yellow fever is not a problem in Zambia anymore, except perhaps in the extreme west along the Congolese borders. However, many countries will insist on a yellow fever vaccination certificate if they find out you've been to Zambia, so it's best to get a jab.
|Language:||English is the official language|
|Climate:||Tropical; modified by altitude|
|Natural hazards:||Periodic drought, tropical storms (November to April)|
|Diving season:||Year round|
|Air temperature:||24C/28C - dry season (May to Aug) (7C at night)|
|38C-42C - hot season (Sept - Nov)|
|32C - rainy season (Dec -April)|