Sweden is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. It has over 100,000 lakes and also, has the largest lake in Europe, which is twice the size of Luxembourg.
Swedish waters provide scuba divers with a variety of different diving opportunities, such as wreck dives, fish and reef dives, ice dives, quarry and cave dives. Fish and reef diving is undertaken on the west coast of Sweden.
The Emmy Hasse Out of Oland, there are 5 German WW1 wrecks all in very good condition. The 5 ships were all sunk by the submarine E19, but not with torpedoes. The ships were asked to surrender and then sunk either by explosives or by opening the sea cocks. The first, the SS Walter Leonard, a freighter of 1261 tons was sunk with explosives after the crew surrendered the ship. The second, the SS Germania suffers the same fate. The third, the SS Gutrune a freighter of 3039 tons surrenders and is sunk by opening the sea cocks. The fourth, the SS Director Reppenhagen, a freighter of 1683 tons surrenders and again is sunk by opening the sea cocks. The fifth, the SS Nicomedia, a freighter of 4391 tons is sunk in the same manner. All these wrecks are diveable, but to do justice to the history and the quality of these wrecks, please look at the link below.
- The WW1 wrecks at Oland - the best wreck diving is found in the waters surrounding the island of Öland. Five of the most popular diving destinations in Sweden are: Lysekil, Smögen, Kullaberg, Väderöarna (west coast) and Björkvik (in Stockholm).
- The Jutholman wreck - a three masted trading ship, sunk at 13 meters depth in the Stockholm archipelago around 1700. She is well preserved wih her hull in one piece. The hull is roughly 23 meters long. Discovered in 1965, she was excavated in the 1970s. Among the finds were cannon balls, bottles and a sundial. Wooden barrels can still be seen in the cargo room.
- The Emmy Hasse wreck - a 79 metre long British steamer built in 1880. In 1887 she disappeared without trace. In 1999 she was found in 58 metres of water off Öland. The hull is in one piece laying on the side. Both masts are still in place.
- Recreational diving in Northern Europe is cold, often ice cold, so a dry suit is necessary.
- All wrecks older than 100 years are legally protected – look but don't touch!
|Climate:||Temperate in south with gold, cloudy winters; subarctic in north|
|Natural hazards:||Ice flows in the surrounding waters, especially in teh Gulf of Bothnia|
|Diving season:||12 months|
|Water temperature:||Winter 1C (34F)|
|Summer 15C (59F)|
|Air Temperature:||Winter -3C (27F)|
|Summer 18C (64F)|