Turkey is where East meets West. A small part is in Europe, the larger part is in Asia.
Most of the diving in Turkey takes place on the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts (the Turkish Riviera), diving centres have mushroomed in most holidays resorts making this coastline increasingly accessible to scuba divers.
The main dive centres are at Bodrum, Marmaris, Fethiye, Kas and Alanya. Fethiye is probably the big diver-tourist centre, where the Aladins Cave dive is certainly worth doing.
At Alanya, most of the diving is from the finger of land that protudes from the sandy beach. At Marmaris, a popular site is Wreck Rock, which is a tiny island 100 metres from the shore with just its jagged rocky tip showing above the waves and which in the past many Roman & Grecian ships have foundered upon. In being wrecked and disintegrating, the area has been littered with amphorae.
Kusadasi has become a great spot to dive the Aegean in totally unchartered and uncrowded waters with great visibility and few no currents and no tides.
Little diving is done in Gallipoli (Dardenelles) but dives can be arranged out of Çanakkale. During WW1 there was a tremendous loss of life by the ANZAC forces, as well as a large amount of shipping. I think it has to be said that this was a completely misguided campaign on behalf of the Allied Forces against the Turks. The idea being to try and take Istanbul and the ANZAC forces were effectively sacrificed out of sheer stupidity.
Of the diveable wrecks, The Lundy remains in very good condition bearing in mind the amount of years that have passed. She was sunk by torpedo on 15 April 1915. This wreck lies on sand at 27 meters in Suvla Bay. So far over 200 wrecks have been identified, the most important being the British Dreadnought warships Irresistible, Triumph, Ocean, Majestic and Goliath, the French Cruiser Bouvet and the Turkish cruiser Messudieh.
- Aladins Cave at Fethiye - at a depth of 23 metres (75 feet) Initially, you descend a wall with many varieties of marine life. You will find trumpet anemones, gem anemones, daisy anemones, strawberry anemones, devonshire cup corals, gold star coral, soft corals, dead man fingers and many forms of lace coral. There are occasional moray eels, groupers, lobsters, crayfish and shrimps but not a tremendous amount of fish life.
- Lighthouse dive at Kas - the wreck of an Ottoman boat (Lighthouse dive) at 22m depth; the area is littered with amphorae.
- Adabanko Reef and Barbarossa Reef at Kusadasi.
- Rambo Cavern at Alanya - the entrance to the cavern is by a wide tunnel about 14 metres down a vertical wall. A large cave is soon reached roughly 35metres wide and where you can surface and breathe the clean air and view the marvellous formation of overhangs and stalactites. This is a dive well worth doing.
- WW1 wrecks out of Canakkale.
|Currency:||New Turkish Lira|
|Climate:||Mediterranean on the coast|
|Diving season:||Year round|
|Water temperature:||Winter 17C (62F)|
|Summer 26C (79F)|
|Air temperature:||Winter 10C (50F)|
|Summer 45C (113F)|